Advantages of Flight Travel Since the birth of flight inair travel has emerged as a crucial means of transportation for people and products. The hundred-plus years following the invention of the first aircraft have brought about a revolution in the way people travel. The airline business is a major industry, relied upon by millions not only for transportation but also as a way of making a living. Early 20th Century Airplanes were around the first few years of the 20th century, but flying was a risky endeavor not commonplace until
This was largely due to the fact that the U.
The Europeans had already developed standardized mass production of aircraft, while the U. Even so, most of the aircraft used by the U.
Because the bulk of the aircraft demand had come from military uses, the post-war period resulted in a surplus of aircraft left over from wartime accompanied by a lack of demand, creating an excess supply of unused aircraft.
Military aviation dominated the aircraft industry up until the mids, and it was during the late s when civil aviation appeared and began to rise. Beginning in the mids, in order to sustain the existence of the aircraft industry, the U. The emergence of an expansive airmail system allowed for easier and faster correspondence and transport.
Aircraft as a means of passenger travel also began to emerge during this time period, though passenger air travel did not surge until after World War II. Unemployment was not significantly affected by the emergence of the civil aviation industry, as the jobs that were created were occupied by people who previously worked in the army and were then unemployed after the war's end.
At the beginning of the war, the U.
Aircraft production made up the most of the U. Increasingly more pilots, flight staff, engineers, and researchers were needed to operate the aircraft as well as develop advanced technology, leading to increased job creation.
During this time, unemployment rates decreased significantly, dropping to nearly the full employment rate.
There was once again an excess in aircraft supply post-war and not a high enough corresponding demand. This increase in commercial demand was also fueled by an increase in consumer confidence in airlines, reinforced by the creation of the Federal Aviation Administration inwhich managed aviation safety.
This allowed for free market competition in the airline industry, to meet the pressure of the decreasing world price of air travel. This ultimately allowed the U. The attacks of September 11 dramatically decreased consumer confidence in the airline industry.
In the following years, the decrease in demand accompanied by the decreasing price of air travel reduced revenues immensely. To compensate for rising costs and decreasing revenues, airlines have decreased the number of planes in service and thus have also laid off workers, negatively impacting the economy's unemployment rate.Airlines for America (A4A), formerly the Air Transport Association (ATA), was the first and remains the only trade organization of the leading U.S.
passenger and cargo carriers. On Oct. 24, , when President Jimmy Carter signed the Airline Deregulation Act, the airline industry changed forever, and it can be argued we’re feeling the .
IATA, which represents airlines (or 84 percent of the world’s total air traffic), invited the flying public to join in a yearlong celebration . History of American Airlines 90 years strong On April 15, , Charles Lindbergh flew the first American Airlines flight – carrying U.S.
mail from St. . In this year, the Air Mail Act facilitated the development of the airline industry by allowing the postmaster to contract with private airlines to deliver mail.
Shortly thereafter, the Air Commerce Act gave the Secretary of Commerce power to establish airways, certify aircraft, license pilots, and issue and enforce air traffic regulations. The American airline industry has suffered significantly as a result of the terrorist attacks of September The attacks of September 11 dramatically decreased consumer confidence in the airline industry.