An overview of the animal research and experimentation in the united states according to tom reagan

He [Osama bin Laden] came to thank me for my efforts to bring the Americans, our friends, to help us against the atheists. First, the United States began a troop surge in Afghanistan designed to deliver the final blow to the Taliban insurgency. Not one media institution connected the dots that the United States was actively funding the harm that its armed forces were simultaneously fighting.

An overview of the animal research and experimentation in the united states according to tom reagan

Surgical experiments[ edit ] Throughout the s, J. Marion Simswho is often referred to as "the father of gynecology ", performed surgical experiments on enslaved African women, without anaesthesia. Seeing a research opportunity, he cut open her head, and inserted needle electrodes into her exposed brain matter.

When the needle entered the brain substance, she complained of acute pain in the neck. In order to develop more decided reactions, the strength of the current was increased Very soon, the left hand was extended as if in the act of taking hold of some object in front of her; the arm presently was agitated with clonic spasm; her eyes became fixed, with pupils widely dilated; lips were blue, and she frothed at the mouth; her breathing became stertorous; she lost consciousness and was violently convulsed on the left side.

The convulsion lasted five minutes, and was succeeded by a coma.

General Resources - Scientific Research Ethics - LibGuides at Illinois Institute of Technology

She returned to consciousness in twenty minutes from the beginning of the attack, and complained of some weakness and vertigo. Bartholow's research report [11] InDr.

An overview of the animal research and experimentation in the united states according to tom reagan

Arthur Wentworth performed spinal taps on 29 young children, without the knowledge or consent of their parents, at the Children's Hospital in Boston, Massachusetts to discover whether doing so would be harmful.

Leo Stanley, chief surgeon at the San Quentin Prisonperformed a wide variety of experiments on hundreds of prisoners at San Quentin.

People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals - Wikipedia

Many of the experiments involved testicular implants, where Stanley would take the testicles out of executed prisoners and surgically implant them into living prisoners. In other experiments, he attempted to implant the testicles of ramsgoatsand boars into living prisoners.

Stanley also performed various eugenics experiments, and forced sterilizations on San Quentin prisoners. A review of the medical literature of the late 19th and early 20th centuries found more than 40 reports of experimental infections with gonorrheal culture, including some where gonorrheal organisms were applied to the eyes of sick children.

Army doctors in the Philippines infected five prisoners with bubonic plague and induced beriberi in 29 prisoners; four of the test subjects died as a result.

He did this without the consent of the patients, and without informing them of what he was doing. All of the subjects became sick and 13 died. Vincent's House orphanage in Philadelphia, causing permanent blindness in some of the children and painful lesions and inflammation of the eyes in many of the others.

In the study, they refer to the children as "material used".

The Moral Significance of Animals’ Moral Claims

Knowles released a study describing how he had deliberately infected two children in an orphanage with Molluscum contagiosum —a virus that causes wartlike growths—after an outbreak in the orphanage, in order to study the disease. Hideyo Noguchi of the Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research injected hospital patients some of whom were children with syphilis.

He was later sued by the parents of some of the child subjects, who allegedly contracted syphilis as a result of his experiments. In the experiment, impoverished black males who had syphilis were offered "treatment" by the researchers, who did not tell the test subjects that they had syphilis and did not give them treatment for the disease, but rather just studied them to chart the progress of the disease.

Bypenicillin became available as treatment, but those running the study prevented study participants from receiving treatment elsewhere, lying to them about their true condition, so that they could observe the effects of syphilis on the human body.

An overview of the animal research and experimentation in the united states according to tom reagan

By the end of the study inonly 74 of the test subjects were alive. The study was not shut down untilwhen its existence was leaked to the press, forcing the researchers to stop in the face of a public outcry.

In The Lab

It may save you much trouble if you publish your paper The Journal is under constant scrutiny by the anti-vivisectionists who would not hesitate to play up the fact that you used for your tests human beings of a state institution.

That the tests were wholly justified goes without saying. Black inoculated a twelve-month-old baby with herpes who was "offered as a volunteer". He submitted his research to The Journal of Experimental Medicine which rejected the findings due to the ethically questionable research methods used in the study.

The editor of the Journal of Experimental Medicine, Francis Peyton Rous, called the experiment "an abuse of power, an infringement of the rights of an individual, and not excusable because the illness which followed had implications for science.

At the Nuremberg trialsNazi doctors cited the precedent of the malaria experiments as part of their defense.Intro duction. Thomas Kuhn coined the modern definition of the word “paradigm” in The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, published in A paradigm, according to Kuhn's definition, is a conceptual model that explains a set of scientific observations, which creates a framework to fit the observations.

Feb 21,  · Willie Soon, a prominent global warming skeptic, says “no amount of money can influence what I say or do or research or write.” If recently released documents are accurate, he is a liar. Indeed, that was the original reason that I turned to what was then a new media platform to create a home for well-reported stories and to challenge the many misguided conventional wisdoms.

Considerations for restoring temperate forests of tomorrow: forest restoration, assisted migration, and bioengineering.. This paper by Dumroese et al. sorts through the plethora of terms in conservation biology, forestry, and restoration ecology that refer to new management tools for climate adaptation.

The s were all about rationing, protein stretching, substitutions, rediscovering "grandma's foods", and making do with less. Home cooks made sugarless cookies, eggless cakes, and meatless attheheels.comoks, magazines, government pamphlets, and food company brochures were full of creative ideas for stretching food supplies.

It changes the polarity of the question from "do animals have rights" to "can I justify mistreatment of animals." (i.e., do I have the right to treat them in a certain way).

Unethical human experimentation in the United States - WikiVisually