Essay indian agriculture decline

Our India is the farm country, and it is the most important occupation of India. Our Indian economy depends on the agriculture and along with it the Industrialisation also the backbone of the Indian economy. Agriculture is the soul of the Indian economy; it said by the Mahatma Gandhi. The almost population depends on the agricultural activity because their livelihood depends upon the agriculture.

Essay indian agriculture decline

Rice output in India hit a new record at Indian farmers, thus produced about 71 kilograms of wheat and 80 kilograms of rice for every member of Indian population in The per capita supply of rice every year in India is now higher than the per capita consumption of rice every year in Japan.

India exported around 2 million metric tonnes of wheat and 2. Between andthe Indian fish capture harvest doubled, while aquaculture harvest tripled.

Long and Short Essays on Indian Economy in English

Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. April Main article: History of agriculture in India Vedic literature provides some of the earliest written record of agriculture in India. Rigveda hymns, for example, describes plowing, fallowing, irrigation, fruit and vegetable cultivation.

Other historical evidence suggests rice and cotton were cultivated in the Indus Valleyand plowing patterns from the Bronze Age have been excavated at Kalibangan in Rajasthan. Some archaeologists believe that rice was a domesticated crop along the banks of the river Ganges in the sixth millennium BC.

So were species of winter cereals barley, oats, and wheat and legumes lentil and chickpea grown in northwest India before the sixth millennium BC.

Indians might have domesticated buffalo the river type years ago[ citation needed ]. According to some scientists agriculture was widespread in the Indian peninsula, — years ago, well beyond the fertile plains of the north.

Agriculture in India - Wikipedia

It was in India, between the sixth and four BC, that the Persians, followed by the Greeksdiscovered the famous "reeds that produce honey without bees" being grown. On their return journey, the Macedonian soldiers carried the "honey bearing reeds," thus spreading sugar and sugarcane agriculture.

A few merchants began to trade in sugar — a luxury and an expensive spice in Europe until the 18th century. Sugar became widely popular in 18th-century Europe, then graduated to become a human necessity in the 19th century all over the world.

Essay indian agriculture decline

This evolution of taste and demand for sugar as an essential food ingredient unleashed major economic and social changes. Sugarcane does not grow in cold, frost-prone climate; therefore, tropical and semitropical colonies were sought.

Sugarcane plantations, just like cotton farms, became a major driver of large and forced human migrations in 19th century and early 20th century — of people from Africa and from India, both in millions — influencing the ethnic mix, political conflicts and cultural evolution of Caribbean, South American, Indian Ocean and Pacific Island nations.

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This is a cash crop in central India. In the years since its independence, India has made immense progress towards food security. Indian population has tripled, and food-grain production more than quadrupled.Published: Mon, 5 Dec The decline of the Mughal dynasty has its seeds sowed in many factors, such as persistent European interference in Indian affairs and a central bureaucracy losing more and more influence to regional chieftains and kings.

Agriculture In India – Introduction Agriculture has been an integral part of the Indian Economy, before and after Independence, despite its decline in share of GDP (% as of ). Half of India’s population depends on Agriculture as a livelihood. The Effects of Pesticides on Agriculture - The growing demand for enhanced food productivity to meet the needs of the global population has led to use sophisticated agriculture technology in which .

Jun 11,  · What are the reasons for Agricultural growth decline in India’s GDP. but this is not transforming into income growth to Agriculture.

Is Indian agriculture is a paradox?, so what are the factors leading to this dichotomous situation. Land Holdings.

Role of Agriculture in Indian Economy

Apart from Agriculture, Government should encourage farmers to take up non. ADVERTISEMENTS: Here is your essay on the development of Indian Agriculture! The agriculture sector continues to be the backbone of Indian economy contributing approximately % to the gross domestic product (GDP), and accounts for about 18% share, of total value of country’s export.

The agricultural production has kept pace with the popular growth rate of [ ]. Agriculture and allied sectors like forestry, logging and fishing accounted for % of the GDP in , employed 60% of the total workforce[7] and despite a steady decline of its share in the GDP, is still the largest economic sector and plays a significant role in the overall socio-economic development of India.

Short Essay on “Trends in Agriculture in India”– ( Words)