Work Ethic of Students Effects of Religious Practice on Education Because education is important for all citizens and the government invests heavily in public schooling, any factor that significantly promotes academic achievement is important to the common good. A growing body of research has consistently indicated that the frequency of religious practice is significantly and directly related to academic outcomes and educational attainment. Religiously involved students spend more time on their homework, work harder in school1 and achieve more as a result. Educational Achievement Increased religious attendance is correlated with higher grades.
Abstract Aims The purpose of this study was to examine parental monitoring practices and religious involvement protective factors and substance use among Mexican American and Non-Latino adolescents in the Southwest of the United States. Framework We also relied on social control theories to guide our investigation of why adolescents may choose not to use drugs.
Methods a number of measures were used including recent substance use, religiosity, religious affiliation, parental monitoring, parental permissiveness, parental norms, and acculturation. Linear regressions were used to examine the relationship between the variables of interest and the outcomes.
The results suggest that acculturating adolescents benefit from having clear rules from their parents concerning substance use, and from believing that there is some kind of consequence attached to their behavior.
Parental monitoring, by itself, did not explain lower levels of drug use among these adolescents; but it was a predictor of adolescent strong anti-drug personal norms.
Drug use rates vary by racial and ethnic group. For example, among Native American adolescents the rates for illicit drug use are higher than among White, Latino and Black adolescents while Asians have the lowest rates of use Department of Health and Human Services, Latino adolescents, compared with non-Latino Whites, have reported higher rates of alcohol and hard substances use Marsiglia et al.
Today, Latinos constitute the largest ethnic group in the U. These characteristics create a unique environment where to test existing assumptions about parental monitoring, adolescents behavior and health outcomes.
This study advances knowledge by examining the relationship between a number of parental factors parental monitoring, permissiveness, and injunctive norms and substance use among a sample of Mexican American youth compared to non-Latinos residing in the Southwest region of the US. Due to its cultural specific focus, the study takes into consideration other important variables not usually included in these type of studies such as religious involvement and religious affiliation on substance use.
Conceptual Framework Ecological systems theory and theories of social control guided this study. Ecological theory is based on the belief that individuals belong to different micro-systems in which they develop relationships that may influence their behavior in other situations Ashford, Lecroy, Lortie, Other systems such as the school, the community and religion also affect the family, and in turn, the individual.
Social Control theories focus on controlling factors that prevent the individual from engaging in deviant acts. From a micro perspective the theory focuses on informal systems that explain why individuals conform. One important controlling factor, identified from the micro system, is the family Hirschi, Parental monitoring has been used as a measure of direct parental control measure in drug abuse and health risky behaviors research DiClemente et al.
Parents who effectively monitor their adolescents have children at lower risk of smoking, drinking, and using illegal drugs than the average teen CASA, Individuals may be more likely to avoid engaging in certain behaviors that they believe they risk disapproval from important social group Nelson, A wide body of literature has emerged over the past several decades demonstrating a strong inverse correlation between religiosity and substance use, suggesting that religion operates as a protective factor against substance use Marsiglia et al.
In the United States 95 percent of people are affiliated with a specific religion, solidifying its importance for consideration among the array of influences acting on the lives of youth CASA, Researchers proposed that youth who are involved in religious activities may have more opportunities to associate with positive peer groups who share attitudes, beliefs, and values that discourage the use of substances and to adopt more pro-social norms White, et al.
Since religions differ in their beliefs, organization, and practices, their members are affected in different ways Hill, This impact, however, varies among different ethnic groups.The impact of Christian faith on the prevalence and sequelae of sexual abuse.
Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 9, Google Scholar, SAGE Journals: Fallot, R. D., Heckman, J. P. (). Religious/spiritual coping among women trauma survivors with . Religion, gender, and the Hispanic experience in the United States: Catholic/Protestant differences in religious involvement, social status, and gender-role attitudes.
Review of Religious Research. ; 43 (2)– Family Religious Involvement and the Quality of Parental Relationships for the causal effects of religion. It might be that religion itself the transition from school to work of youth living in the United States, ages 12 through 16 as of December 31, religion, measures of socio-economic status indicate that, in the contemporary United States, religious participation, but not beliefs, is largely the domain of the middle-upper classes.
Disciplines. Sociology - Ch. Religion & Society. STUDY. PLAY. Religion: Religion in the United States - Unusually religious—most U.S. adults profess an affiliation - Most religiously diverse country in the world - Youth and young adults less likely to claim affiliation than older adults.
Congress should mandate a census question on religious practice. The census for the year ought to ask about frequency of attendance at church or synagogue.
It violates nobody's freedom of religion for Congress to know the level and intensity of religious worship in the United States.