These kids were known as the hippies.
Inthe indigenous tribes of Pontiac 's Confederacy lay siege to Fort Detroita British fort on the American frontier.
The beginning of the United States military lies in civilian frontier settlers, armed for hunting and basic survival in the wilderness.
These were organized into local militias for small military operations, mostly against Native American tribes but also to resist possible raids by the small military forces of neighboring European colonies.
They relied on the British regular Army and Navy for any serious military operation. Instead the colony asked for and paid volunteers, many of whom were also militia members.
Beginning inthe colonies became involved in a series of wars between Great Britain and France for control of North America, the most important of which were Queen Anne's Warin which the British conquered French colony Acadiaand the final French and Indian War —63 when Britain was victorious over all the French colonies in North America.
This final war was to give thousands of colonists, including Virginia colonel George Washingtonmilitary experience which they put to use during the American Revolutionary War. Spanish Alarm In the struggle for control of North America, the contest between Great Britain and France was the vital one, the conflict with Spain, a declining power, important but secondary.
This latter conflict reached its height in the " War of Jenkins Ear ," a prelude to the War of Austrian Successionwhich began in and pitted the British and their American colonists against the Spanish. Its most notable episode, however, was a British expedition mounted in Jamaica against Cartagenathe main port of the Spanish colony in Colombia.
The mainland colonies furnished a regiment to participate in the assault as British Regulars under British command. The expedition ended in disaster, resulting from climate, disease, and the bungling of British commanders, and only about of over 3, Americans who participated ever returned to their homes.
The battle was the last major land engagement in the war, with the British Army's defeat at Yorktown prompting the British to negotiate an end to the conflict.
Ongoing political tensions between Great Britain and the thirteen colonies reached a crisis in when the British placed the province of Massachusetts under martial law after the Patriots protested taxes they regarded as a violation of their constitutional rights as Englishmen.
When shooting began at Lexington and Concord in Aprilmilitia units from across New England rushed to Boston and bottled up the British in the city.
The Continental Congress appointed George Washington as commander-in-chief of the newly created Continental Armywhich was augmented throughout the war by colonial militia. He drove the British out of Boston but in late summer they returned to New York and nearly captured Washington's army.
Meanwhile, the revolutionaries expelled British officials from the 13 states, and declared themselves an independent nation on 4 July With the use of the Royal Navythe British were able to capture coastal cities, but control of the countryside eluded them.
A British sortie from Canada in ended with the disastrous surrender of a British army at Saratoga. With the coming in of General von Steubenthe training and discipline along Prussian lines began, and the Continental Army began to evolve into a modern force.
France and Spain then entered the war against Great Britain as Allies of the US, ending its naval advantage and escalating the conflict into a world war. The Netherlands later joined France, and the British were outnumbered on land and sea in a world war, as they had no major allies apart from Indian tribes, Loyalists and Hessians.
A shift in focus to the southern American states in resulted in a string of victories for the British, but General Nathanael Greene engaged in guerrilla warfare and prevented them from making strategic headway. The main British army was surrounded by Washington's American and French forces at Yorktown inas the French fleet blocked a rescue by the Royal Navy.
The British then sued for peace. Washington's surprise crossing of the Delaware River in December was a major comeback after the loss of New York City; his army defeated the British in two battles and recaptured New Jersey.
George Washington[ edit ] General George Washington —99 proved an excellent organizer and administrator, who worked successfully with Congress and the state governors, selecting and mentoring his senior officers, supporting and training his troops, and maintaining an idealistic Republican Army.
His biggest challenge was logistics, since neither Congress nor the states had the funding to provide adequately for the equipment, munitions, clothing, paychecks, or even the food supply of the soldiers.
As a battlefield tactician Washington was often outmaneuvered by his British counterparts. As a strategist, however, he had a better idea of how to win the war than they did. The British sent four invasion armies. Washington's strategy forced the first army out of Boston inand was responsible for the surrender of the second and third armies at Saratoga and Yorktown JSTOR is a digital library of academic journals, books, and primary sources.
The HyperTexts Holocaust Poetry, Prose, Translations, Art and Essays The Hebrew word for the Holocaust is Shoah; thus poems written by Jewish poets may be called Shoah poetry. Dreams - Hold fast to dreams.
The Academy of American Poets is the largest membership-based nonprofit organization fostering an appreciation for contemporary poetry and supporting American poets. First, glad to see has been posted! I have been eager to read your thoughts on that one, as well as the rest of the series.
We recently discussed the timeline of this show in . Dear Twitpic Community - thank you for all the wonderful photos you have taken over the years.
We have now placed Twitpic in an archived state. Birmingham, Alabama, and the Civil Rights Movement in The 16th Street Baptist Church Bombing. The Sixteenth Street Baptist Church in Birmingham was used as a meeting-place for civil rights leaders such as Martin Luther King, Ralph David Abernathy and Fred Shutterworth.