The history of printing Printing, or the process of reproducing text and images, has a long history behind it.
This always happens either in a state-owned printing plant or one that is supervised by the government. Euro banknotes are printed by a number of national banks but also by certified printers, such as Royal Joh. The Bureau is part of the Department of the Treasury of the federal government.
British banknotes are printed by De La Rue, a British company with several production facilities in the UK for printing currency, passports, tax stamps, cheques and other secure documents.
Chinese banknotes are printed by Banknote Printing and Minting Corporation BPMCthe largest currency printer in the world with employees working in 10 production sites.
Paper money versus polymer banknotes Banknotes are not printed using the same type of paper that is used for magazines or newspapers. They are printed on a substrate that consists of purely cotton e. Additional materials are often added as a security measure.
These can be colored fibers or a security thread made of metal or a polymer. Instead of using cotton and linen as the base material, there is a trend to use a synthetic substrate instead. These are the advantages offered by polypropylene banknotes: Plastic banknotes are more durable since they are more difficult to tear and more resistant to folding.
The polymer is also more resistant to micro-organisms. Plastic currency is up to twice as expensive to produce but the bank notes last two-and-a-half to four times longer than notes printed on cotton paper. The notes can be recycled so there is also an ecological advantage. The new banknotes are more difficult to counterfeit.
Australia was the first country to use polymer notes for general circulation from onwards. In June the Bank of England introduced its first banknote printed on a polymer substrate.
Security All modern banknotes incorporate multiple anti-counterfeiting measures. For high denominations up to 50 such elements can be used. Many of these techniques are well known but some are secret.
These are some of the techniques used to secure banknotes: From onwards the Chinese central government produced their own paper money using woodblock printing. The first European banknotes were issued in Sweden by Stockholms Banco, the precursor to Sveriges Riksbank, the central bank of Sweden.The history of printing starts as early as BCE, when the Persian and Mesopotamian civilizations used cylinder seals to certify documents written in clay.
Other early forms include block seals, pottery imprints and cloth printing. Woodblock printing on paper originated in China around CE.
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Notes Print Media 52 MASS COMMUNICATION Introduction to Print Media The Chinese were the first to invent the art of printing. They made wooden blocks to print letters. This was started during the period of the Tang Dynasty in AD.
The oldest known surviving printed work in a woodblock is a Buddhist scripture of AD. Create and print notes pages. PowerPoint for Office , PowerPoint , PowerPoint , PowerPoint However, before printing notes pages, consider viewing your notes in Presenter View instead.
You can view your notes as you deliver your presentation on a second monitor to conserve paper and printer ink. Before printing the notes pages, display the notes at the bottom of the slides to verify and proofread them. Switch to the View tab and click the Notes button in the Show group to display the notes.
Elizabeth Eisenstein identifies two long-term effects of the invention of printing. She claims that print created a sustained and uniform reference for knowledge as well as allowing for comparison between incompatible views. Notes Cost-effective run length Offset printing: rollers history of printing – selection of international sites.