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In his proclamation, Johnson excluded certain groups of people, 14 in all, 10 of which are listed here.
To the end, therefore, that the authority of the Government of the United States may be restored, and that peace, order, and freedom may be established, I, Andrew Johnson, President of the United States, do proclaim and declare that I hereby grant to all persons who have, directly or indirectly, participated in the existing rebellion, except as hereinafter excepted, amnesty and pardon, with restoration of all rights of property, except as to slaves and except in cases where legal proceedings, under the laws of the United States providing for the confiscation of property of persons engaged in rebellion, have been instituted; but upon the condition, nevertheless, that every such person shall take and subscribe the following oath or affirmationand thence forward keep and maintain said oath inviolate; and which oath shall be registered for permanent preservation, and shall be of the tenor and effect following, to wit: So help me God.
The following classes of persons are excepted from the benefits of this proclamation: All who are or shall have been pretended civil or diplomatic officers or otherwise domestic or foreign agents of the pretended Confederate government.
All who left judicial stations under the United States to aid the rebellion. All who shall have been military or naval officers of said pretended Confederate government above the rank of colonel in the army or lieutenant in the navy.
All who left seats in the Congress of the United States to aid the rebellion. All who resigned or tendered resignations of their commissions in the army or navy of the United States to evade duty in resisting the rebellion.
All who have engaged in any way in treating otherwise than lawfully as prisoners of war persons found in the United States service as officers, soldiers, seamen, or in other capacities.
All persons who have been or are absentees from the United States for the purpose of aiding in the rebellion. All persons who held the pretended offices of governors of States in insurrection against the United States.
All persons who left their homes within the jurisdiction and protec-tion of the United States and passed beyond the Federal military lines into the pretended Confederate States for the purpose of aiding the rebellion. Provided, That special application may be made to the President for pardon by any person belonging to the excepted classes, and such clemency will be liberally extended as may be consistent with the facts of the case and the peace and dignity of the United States.
Andrew Johnson, "Amnesty Proclamation," May 29, Along with amnesty and pardon, what rights did Johnson guarantee to Southerners taking the oath?
How would an ex-Confederate army officer get pardoned? Why was this pardon an important aspect of Reconstruction? Why is Nast portraying the Reconstruction process to the plot of Othello?
From what perspective do you believe they are drawn? Do you think they favor the Johnson Reconstruction process or oppose it?
Stevens believed it should be difficult for the states that had seceded from the Union to rejoin it, and he wanted the Republican Congress rather than the president to be in control of the Reconstruction process.
On the South - Thaddeus Stevens The President assumes, what no one doubts, that the late rebel States have lost their constitutional relations to the Union, and are incapable of representation in Congress, except by permission of the Government. It matters but little, with this admission, whether you call them States out of the Union, and now conquered territories, or assert that because the Constitution forbids them to do what they did do, that they are therefore only dead as to all national and political action, and will remain so until the Government shall breathe into them the breath of life anew and permit them to occupy their former position.
In other words, that they are not out of the Union, but are only dead carcasses lying within the Union. In either case, it is very plain that it requires the action of Congress to enable them to form a State government and send representatives to Congress.
Nobody, I believe, pretends that with their old constitutions and frames of government they can be permitted to claim their old rights under the Constitution.
They have torn their constitutional States into atoms, and built on their foundations fabrics of a totally different character. Dead men cannot raise themselves.In , the first year that DBQ Online was implemented, Aiken County's 7th grade SCPASS (South Carolina's Palmetto Assessment of State Standards) scores increased from % passing to % passing.
That is a % increase! According to district leadership, the primary instructional shift was the use of The DBQ Project Method and DBQ Online. Reconstruction Document A OVERVIEW Following in the footsteps of Abraham Lincoln, President Andrew Johnson granted amnesty and pardon to Southerners who would take an oath of allegiance to the United States.
Jane Sutton, a former Mississippi slave, contrasted her master who provided the blacks with "plenty t'eat an' wear" and gave the children candy and presents when he returned from town, with her father, who belonged to a neighboring planter and visited on weekends.
Reconstruction governments built public schools for both black and white children. They also rebuilt and added more railroads, telegraph lines, bridges, and railroads. John Adams – Lesson Plans and Activities based on the HBO miniseries on the life of John Adams, his extraordinary relationship with his wife Abigail, and the first 50 years of the United States.
Reconstruction. Reconstruction Notes. Rebuilding the Union. So today, I’m sharing 10 pre-writing activities we’ve been doing at home to build strength in my preschooler’s hands.
Playdough Just playing with playdough is great for building strength in hands.