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The English equivalent "theology" Theologie, Teologye had evolved by Definition[ edit ] Augustine of Hippo defined the Latin equivalent, theologia, as "reasoning or discussion Term paper theological history the Deity";  Richard Hooker defined "theology" in English as "the science of things divine ".
The study of these assumptions is not part of theology proper but is found in the philosophy of religionand increasingly through the psychology of religion and neurotheology.
Theology then aims to structure and understand these experiences and concepts, and to use them to derive normative prescriptions for how to live our lives. Theologians use various forms of analysis and argument experientialphilosophicalethnographichistoricaland others to help understandexplaintest, critiquedefend or promote any myriad of religious topics.
As in philosophy of ethics and case lawarguments often assume the existence of previously resolved questions, and develop by making analogies Term paper theological history them to draw new inferences in new situations. The study of theology may help a theologian more deeply understand their own religious tradition another religious tradition,  or it may enable them to explore the nature of divinity without reference to any specific tradition.
Theology may be used to propagate reform,  or justify a religious tradition or it may be used to compare challenge e. Theology might also help a theologian to address some present situation or need through a religious tradition,  or to explore possible ways of interpreting the world.
There, however, the word refers not to John the "theologian" in the modern English sense of the word but—using a slightly different sense of the root logos, meaning not "rational discourse" but "word" or "message"—one who speaks the words of God, logoi toy theoy.
It is in this last sense, theology as an academic discipline involving rational study of Christian teaching, that the term passed into English in the fourteenth century,  although it could also be used in the narrower sense found in Boethius and the Greek patristic authors, to mean rational study of the essential nature of God — a discourse now sometimes called theology proper.
They suggest the term is less appropriate in religious contexts that are organized differently religions without a single deity, or that deny that such subjects can be studied logically.
Jewish theology is linked to ethics and therefore has implications for how one behaves. Christian theology is the study of Christian belief and practice. Such study concentrates primarily upon the texts of the Old Testament and the New Testament as well as on Christian tradition.
Christian theologians use biblical exegesis, rational analysis and argument. Theology might be undertaken to help the theologian better understand Christian tenets, to make comparisons between Christianity and other traditions, to defend Christianity against objections and criticism, to facilitate reforms in the Christian church, to assist in the propagation of Christianity, to draw on the resources of the Christian tradition to address some present situation or need, or for a variety of other reasons.
To find an equivalent for 'theology' in the Christian sense it is necessary to have recourse to several disciplines, and to the usul al-fiqh as much as to kalam. Gardet  Hinduism[ edit ] Within Hindu philosophythere is a tradition of philosophical speculation on the nature of the universe, of God termed " Brahman ", Paramatma and Bhagavan in some schools of Hindu thought and of the Atman soul.
The Sanskrit word for the various schools of Hindu philosophy is Darshana meaning "view" or "viewpoint". Vaishnava theology has been a subject of study for many devotees, philosophers and scholars in India for centuries.
A large part of its study lies in classifying and organizing the manifestations of thousands of gods and their aspects. In recent decades the study of Hinduism has also been taken up by a number of academic institutions in Europe, such as the Oxford Centre for Hindu Studies and Bhaktivedanta College.
Krishnology Buddhism[ edit ] Some academic inquiries within Buddhismdedicated to the investigation of a Buddhist understanding of the world, prefer the designation Buddhist philosophy to the term Buddhist theology, since Buddhism lacks the same conception of a theos.
Jose Ignacio Cabezon, who argues that the use of "theology" is appropriate, can only do so, he says, because "I take theology not to be restricted to discourse on God I take 'theology' not to be restricted to its etymological meaning.
In that latter sense, Buddhism is of course atheological, rejecting as it does the notion of God. Outline of theology As an academic discipline[ edit ] The history of the study of theology in institutions of higher education is as old as the history of such institutions themselves.
For instance, Taxila was an early centre of Vedic learning, possible from the 6th century BC or earlier;  the Platonic Academy founded in Athens in the 4th century BC seems to have included theological themes in its subject matter;  the Chinese Taixue delivered Confucian teaching from the 2nd century BC;  the School of Nisibis was a centre of Christian learning from the 4th century AD;   Nalanda in India was a site of Buddhist higher learning from at least the 5th or 6th century AD;  and the Moroccan University of Al-Karaouine was a centre of Islamic learning from the 10th century,  as was Al-Azhar University in Cairo.
It is possible, however, that the development of cathedral schools into universities was quite rare, with the University of Paris being an exception.
In the early medieval periodmost new universities were founded from pre-existing schools, usually when these schools were deemed to have become primarily sites of higher education. Many historians state that universities and cathedral schools were a continuation of the interest in learning promoted by monasteries.
This meant that the other subjects including Philosophy existed primarily to help with theological thought. Much of the debate concerning theology's place in the university or within a general higher education curriculum centres on whether theology's methods are appropriately theoretical and broadly speaking scientific or, on the other hand, whether theology requires a pre-commitment of faith by its practitioners, and whether such a commitment conflicts with academic freedom.
This was the basis on which Friedrich Schleiermachera liberal theologian, argued for the inclusion of theology in the new University of Berlin in Harvard Georgetown Boston UniversityYale and Princeton  all had the theological training of clergy as a primary purpose at their foundation.
Seminaries and bible colleges have continued this alliance between the academic study of theology and training for Christian ministry.
As an academic discipline in its own right[ edit ] In some contexts, scholars pursue theology as an academic discipline without formal affiliation to any particular church though members of staff may well have affiliations to churchesand without focussing on ministerial training.A Short Guide to Writing Research Papers in History and Theology The following notes and references are meant to help you to organize and compose a traditional academic research paper in theology.
Apologetics Reasons for faith in Christianity including information on predictive prophesy, historical documentation, arguments for the existence of God, etc.
Ecclesiology Papers on the nature of the Christian church with information on the body of Christ, Christian ministry and other key aspects of Christian community.
Term Papers words | ( pages) | Preview The Doctrines And Systematic Theology Of The Protestant Faith The Catholics persecution of the Huguenots came to a . Theological Analysis Paper: Theme Definition and History (Term Paper Sample) Instructions: Please uses some simple vocabulary when writing In your paper, you must be able to note the main theological theme of the homily.
Explanation of the theme, its definition, its history, etc. Student Essays and Term Papers Our sample essays and term papers can help you with your own research paper. We have thousands of papers online written by students just like you.
Give an explanation of the genre of the book of Acts as theological history? What are the implications for this particular genre on the interpretation of the book?
How does the reader differentiate between the theology and the history in the book?