Objections[ edit ] Scott's plan had elements similar to a plan created before the Civil War. That antebellum plan was intended to crush a limited domestic insurrection by closing ports and using the Army to pressure civilians to demand surrender. It was not intended to deal with a new political organization with a regular army. Navy was also too small to enforce the blockade in the first months of the war.
Army for twenty years.
A hero of the War of and the Mexican War —and the Whig Party candidate for president inhe was one of the most famous men in America and, despite age and infirmity, one of its best military minds.
The idea was to isolate the Confederacy both diplomatically and economically, preventing it from exporting cotton and tobacco to Europe and importing weapons, foodstuffs, and other necessities.
A massive invasion along the Mississippi River, meanwhile, would cut off vital transportation and communication routes for the Confederates and open them up for Union troops. Scott predicted a two-year war when most were preparing for a single, decisive battle.
Even though the Regular Army numbered only 16, men inhe understood that as many asUnion soldiers would be necessary to defeat the Confederacy, and he braced the president for casualties numbering as many as a third of that.
The blockade, which Lincoln instituted beginning in Aprilhad much the effect that Scott intended. And when David G. Grant claimed Vicksburg, Mississippi, in Julythe Mississippi River belonged to the Union, creating logistical chaos for the Confederacy.
He assumed that the military only needed to create the right circumstances for Unionism to reemerge in the South. He did not plan for a long-term occupation of the South, and he failed to see at least one important effect of the blockade. The Southern press understood this immediately and happily ridiculed the plan.
Northern editors, meanwhile, sarcastically dubbed it the Anaconda Plan, after the snake that slowly squeezes its prey to death. The imperative of was action, and any plan that did not immediately strike at Richmond was unwelcome.
Of course, Scott did call for a massive attack on the Confederacy, with anywhere from 60, to 80, men in the Mississippi River Valley. But he recognized how critical it was to train those men, while Washington politicians preferred to fight sooner and closer to home.
The Anaconda Plan was the popular name given to a strategy employed by the Union during the American Civil War. It consisted of a large-scale blockade of ports in the South, combined with a Federal attack along the Mississippi River, aimed at splitting the Confederacy. The plan was suggested by Winfield Scott, General-in-Chief of the. Civil War Academy The Civil War was a horrific four years for the United States. It was originally thought that , Americans had died from battle and war-related causes during the Civil War, however the current estimations are that the Civil War caused the deaths of , Americans. The Anaconda Plan was the Union’s strategic plan to defeat the Confederacy at the start of the American Civil War. The goal was to defeat the rebellion by blockading .
The same was true in Richmond. The cry of the day was "On to Richmond" and not "On to Natchez. We are told that the "plan" is bold, vigorous and comprehensive, and cannot fail in its noble results to give great joy to the hearts of patriots, and spread consternation among the rebel host.
Night after night has this comforting assurance been carried us on the wings of lightnings, until people have lost faith in electricity, and pronounce its statements unmitigated falsehoods.
Hope deferred makes the heart sick, and the country impatiently demands to know the reason for the procrastination. It was a disaster for the Union.
University of Oklahoma Press, Cite This Entry Wolfe, B. Virginia Foundation for the Humanities, 9 May. September 24, Last modified: Give feedback about this entry Name Optional.The Anaconda Plan "Winfield Scott's original plan fighting the rebellion" The first military strategy offered to President Abraham Lincoln for crushing the rebellion of Southern states was devised by Union General-in-Chief Winfield Scott.
Anaconda plan, military strategy proposed by Union General Winfield Scott early in the American Civil War. The plan called for a naval blockade of the Confederate littoral, a thrust down the Mississippi, and the strangulation of the South by Union land and naval forces.
The Anaconda Plan was a strategy proposed by General-in-Chief Winfield Scott during the Civil War.
Scott's plan was an idea for subduing states that had left the Union. The Anaconda Plan. the name for the Union military plan that used a blockade to defeat the South. the year the Union Blockade ended.
Blockade Runners. the ships that attempted to get pass the blockade. the number of ships used by the Union to guard the Confederate coastline. Anaconda Plan The Anaconda Plan was the popular name given to a strategy employed by the Union during the American Civil War.
It consisted of a large-scale blockade of ports in the South, combined with a Federal attack along the Mississippi River, aimed at splitting the Confederacy.
Who created the Anaconda Plan and what this person's rank was The part of the Anaconda Plan that was implemented in Which river was targeted in the Anaconda Plan.