Background[ edit ] In Septemberwhen Dostoevsky began work on what was to become The Idiot, he was living in Switzerland with his new wife Anna Grigoryevnahaving left Russia in order to escape his creditors.
From there he was assigned to a Moscow hospital, where he served as military doctor, and inhe was appointed a senior physician. In he married Maria Nechayeva.
The following year, he took up a post at the Mariinsky Hospital for the poor. Varvara —Andrei —Lyubov born and diedVera —Nikolai — and Aleksandra — Mikhail Dostoevsky and Maria Dostoevskaya born Nechayeva.
He was raised in the family home in the grounds of the Mariinsky Hospital for the Poor, which was in a lower class district on the edges of Moscow.
From the age of three, he was reading heroic sagas, fairy tales and legends by his nanny, Alena Frolovna, an especially influential figure in his upbringing and love for fictional stories.
When a nine-year-old girl had The idiot dostoevsky essay raped by a drunk, he was asked to fetch his father to attend to her. The incident haunted him, and the theme of the desire of a mature man for a young girl appears in The Devils, The Brothers Karamazov, Crime and Punishment, and other writings.
He was described as a pale, introverted dreamer and an over-excitable romantic. Dostoevsky felt out of place among his aristocratic classmates at the Moscow school, and the experience was later reflected in some of his works, notably The Adolescent.
The previous May, his parents had sent Dostoevsky and his brother Mikhail to St Petersburg to attend the free Nikolayev Military Engineering Instituteforcing the brothers to abandon their academic studies for military careers.
Dostoevsky entered the academy in Januarybut only with the help of family members. Mikhail was refused admission on health grounds and was sent to the Academy in RevalEstonia.
As his friend Konstantin Trutovsky once said, "There was no student in the entire institution with less of a military bearing than F. He moved clumsily and jerkily; his uniform hung awkwardly on him; and his knapsack, shako and rifle all looked like some sort of fetter he had been forced to wear for a time and which lay heavily on him.
Although he was solitary and inhabited his own literary world, he was respected by his classmates. His reclusiveness and interest in religion earned him the nickname "Monk Photius ". Had the serfs been found guilty and sent to SiberiaKhotiaintsev would have been in a position to buy the vacated land.
He visited Mikhail in Reval, and frequently attended concerts, operas, plays and ballets. During this time, two of his friends introduced him to gambling.
Rizenkampf, a friend of Mikhail. Rizenkampf characterised him as "no less good-natured and no less courteous than his brother, but when not in a good mood he often looked at everything through dark glasses, became vexed, forgot good manners, and sometimes was carried away to the point of abusiveness and loss of self-awareness".
None were successful, and his financial difficulties led him to write a novel. His friend Dmitry Grigorovichwith whom he was sharing an apartment at the time, took the manuscript to the poet Nikolay Nekrasovwho in turn showed it to the renowned and influential literary critic Vissarion Belinsky.
Shortly thereafter, he wrote his second novel, The Doublewhich appeared in the journal Notes of the Fatherland on 30 Januarybefore being published in February.
It is a psychological account of a crime. The action is topical, set in the current year. A young student of lower-middle-class origin, who has been expelled from the university, and who lives in. Sam Leith’s recent essay for the Guardian starts off looking like just another thumb-sucker mulling over the usual idiotic gripes about the Booker: “The fascination of what’s difficult,” wrote WB Yeats, “has dried the sap out of my veins ” In the press coverage of this year’s Man Booker prize winner, Anna Burns’s Milkman, we’ve read a good many commentators presenting. “Thoughts on The Idiot by Dostoevsky”1 Hermann Hesse DOSTOEVSKY'S "Idiot", Prince Leo Myshkin, is often compared to Jesus. This is easy enough to do. You can compare to Jesus anyone who has been touched by one of the magical truths, who no.
Around the same time, Dostoevsky discovered socialism through the writings of French thinkers FourierCabetProudhon and Saint-Simon. Through his relationship with Belinsky he expanded his knowledge of the philosophy of socialism.
He was attracted to its logic, its sense of justice and its preoccupation with the destitute and the disadvantaged. Dostoevsky eventually parted with him and his associates. From to he released several short stories in the magazine Annals of the Fatherland, including " Mr. These stories were unsuccessful, leaving Dostoevsky once more in financial trouble, so he joined the utopian socialist Betekov circle, a tightly knit community which helped him to survive.
When the circle dissolved, Dostoevsky befriended Apollon Maykov and his brother Valerian. Inon the recommendation of the poet Aleksey Pleshcheyev he joined the Petrashevsky Circlefounded by Mikhail Petrashevskywho had proposed social reforms in Russia.
Mikhail Bakunin once wrote to Alexander Herzen that the group was "the most innocent and harmless company" and its members were "systematic opponents of all revolutionary goals and means".On 27 September Dostoevsky's mother died of attheheels.com previous May, his parents had sent Dostoevsky and his brother Mikhail to St Petersburg to attend the free Nikolayev Military Engineering Institute, forcing the brothers to abandon their academic studies for military attheheels.comvsky entered the academy in January , but only with the help of family members.
In September , Dostoevsky began work on The Idiot, Konstantin Staniukovich praised the speech in his essay "The Pushkin Anniversary and Dostoyevsky's Speech" in The Business, writing that "the language of Dostoyevsky's [Pushkin Speech] really looks like a .
The Idiot [Elif Batuman] on attheheels.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. A New York Times Book Review Notable Book Finalist for the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction . The Idiot is a novel by Fyodor Dostoevsky that was first published in in Dostoevsky's Demons is the third of his four great murder novels, which also include: Crime and Punishment (published ), The Idiot (published ) and The Brothers Karamazov (published ).
It is fascinating that Dostoevsky built the central theme in Demons (his second last novel) around a conception of evil and the demonic similar to. Fyodor Mikhaylovich Dostoyevsky.
Nationality: Russian Place of Birth: Moscow, Russia Place of Death: St. Petersburg, Russia Table of Contents: Personal Writings by the Author Introduction.